Gun Sales Reach Record 4.7 Million. Here’s Every State Ranked.

U.S. gun sales in March surged 25% to 4,691,738. This makes it among the largest single month since sales figures started to be recorded in 1998.

The increase is part of a trend. Gun sales in the United States rose 40% last year to 39,695,315. That represents the high water mark in annual gun sales since the current record-keeping system went into effect. Increases by state in March varied substantially, as has been the case for years.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation tracks gun sales and publishes a list of how many are handled as part of its National Instant Criminal Background Check System. Each month, the figures are reported by state. Nearly everyone put through this system qualifies as a buyer. People who are excluded usually have criminal records. Of the more than 310 million checks that have been done since 1998, there have only been 1.5 million denials. Therefore, the data is the best proxy for U.S. gun sales available.

Growing civil unrest may have prompted people to buy guns for personal and family protection, many social scientists have posited, although this remains a matter of debate. Another theory is that chaos brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic is a major cause. A new UC Davis School of Medicine study about fear of violence reports: “The coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated persistent structural, economic, and social inequities in the conditions that contribute to violence and its consequences.”

Who bought these guns? CBS News pointed out that over 5 million people were first-time gun buyers last year. CNN reported a sharp rise in sales to Black Americans and women. “Sales to women are also up 40% through September when compared with the same period last year,” the news network pointed out.

The March increase should not be taken as unusual, nor should the rise in gun sales from 2019 to 2020 be viewed as an anomaly. The number of gun sales has increased most years since 1999. Sales first topped 25 million in 2016, 20 million in 2013, 15 million in 2011 and 10 million in 2006. In 1999, the first full year the FBI kept data, sales totaled 9,138,123.

The state with the most sales in March was Illinois at an extraordinary 1,427,197. That is 30% of national sales for the month. However, the state has slightly less than 4% of the national population. The same pattern holds true for the state that had the second-highest gun sales figure last month. Kentucky’s figure hit 330,476, or 7% of the national total. Its population is only 1.3% of the U.S. number.

At the current pace, gun sales in America will reach almost 45 million this year. It is too early to say whether the March trend will continue. However, it is nearly assured that 2021 will set another annual record.

This is how many guns were sold in each state in March:

State/TerritoryTotal
Illinois1,427,917
Kentucky330,476
Texas222,409
Indiana206,884
Florida178,247
Pennsylvania154,301
California143,742
Utah112,572
Michigan112,066
Alabama107,474
Minnesota105,224
Ohio98,474
Georgia95,449
Tennessee93,979
North Carolina90,090
Missouri77,617
Wisconsin76,885
Washington74,860
Virginia72,438
Colorado69,757
Arizona65,805
South Carolina55,773
Oregon49,752
New York49,158
Oklahoma48,568
Louisiana46,633
Mississippi38,031
Idaho34,839
Arkansas34,134
Iowa32,870
Maryland30,754
Massachusetts28,257
Connecticut28,021
West Virginia27,426
Kansas26,915
New Jersey24,563
New Mexico23,024
Nevada21,101
Montana18,329
New Hampshire17,186
Maine14,536
South Dakota12,430
Nebraska10,860
Alaska10,170
Wyoming9,348
North Dakota9,200
Delaware7,280
Vermont5,909
Puerto Rico5,475
Rhode Island4,957
Hawaii1,770
District of Columbia1,035
Guam404
Virgin Islands206
Mariana Islands29

Click here to see in which state over 20% of guns in America were sold.


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